Career Technical Center

Introduction to Architectural Design

Introduction to Architectural Design is one-credit course that introduces students to the basic terminology, concepts, and principles of the architectural design field.  Students are introduced to various careers involving architecture and principles of architectural design.  Emphasis is placed on floor plan layout, electrical plans, foundation plans, wall sections, roof design, and evaluations.  Upon successful completion of this course, students are able to draw a basic residential architectural construction drawing.  Leadership activities, cocurricular opportunities and opportunities to enhance employability skills are emphasized in appropriate career and technical education organization affiliations.  The prerequisite for this course is Intermediate Drafting Design.



Residential Floor Plans


Students will:


     1.           Create a basic residential floor plan, including symbols, dimensions, window and door schedule, and notes.

·         Recognizing elements and features found on residential floor plans

·         Utilizing sketches in preliminary layout

·         Identifying basic interior design considerations

·         Determining room relationships and exterior design factors



Residential Electrical Plans


     2.           Create a residential electrical plan, including notes and symbols.

·         Identifying elements and features found on a residential electrical plan

·         Explaining fire and smoke alarm requirements





     3.           Draw a residential foundation plan, including footings, pier details, notes, and dimensions.

·         Identifying primary features included in foundation plans

Examples:  foundation plans—slab construction, crawlspace construction



Residential Wall Sections


     4.           Design a residential wall section for common building materials, including notes and dimensions.

·         Identifying primary features included in wall section views as related to slab and crawl space construction




Roof Design


     5.           Identify styles and materials used in roof systems.

Examples:  styles—gable, hip

materials—fiberglass, metal


·         Identifying roof pitch

·         Identifying overhang





     6.           Create residential elevation plans.

·         Explaining historical influences on current home design

·         Identifying exterior features of common residential styles

·         Describing common exterior materials used for roofing, walls, doors, and windows

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